Routine Eye Care

By far the best way to protect the on-going health of your vision is through regular eye examinations. These routine exams allow for any injuries, disease, or abnormality to be detected at the earliest opportunity and any relevant treatment instigated. It also ensures that if and when you require vision correction, such as eyeglasses and/or contact lenses, that your prescription is exactly what’s needed for you to best benefit and achieve optimal vision. Ophthalmologists—the name for a medical doctor who specializes in the health of the eyes—will adhere to the legal definitions of conducting an eye exam test and use their professional clinical judgment as to any additional intricacies needed for your situation.  Optometrists carry out some of the same services as an ophthalmologist. These are limited to routine eye tests, the diagnosis and treatment of common eye disorders, and the prescription of corrective lenses. For more complex issues they will refer you to a specialist.

Before Exam

You may experience blurry vision or eyestrain, eye pain, red eyes, blind spots, headaches, and other eye problems.

After Exam

After eye exam and treatment you should be seeing more clearly and your eyes should feel more comfortable.

How Do I Know if I Need an Eye Exam?

Routine eye exams should be carried out at varying intervals throughout your life. The American Optometric Association provides the following guidelines:

  • Birth to 2 years: At 6 and 12 months of age
  • Age 3 to 5 years: Once during this time
  • Age 6 to 17 years: Before first grade and then annually
  • Age 18 to 39 years: At least every 2 years
  • Age 40 to 64 years: At least every 2 years
  • Age 65 and older: Annually

However, for those considered “at risk”, the regularity of routine eye checks should be increased. In such cases, your ophthalmologist will advise as to how often you should undergo an eye exam. 

Those considered to be at risk include (but are not limited to) the following: 

Pediatrics (birth through to 17 years of age)

  • A family history of a variety of eye conditions, including myopia (short-sightedness), congenital cataracts, and other genetic or metabolic diseases
  • Premature birth, low birth weight, supplemental oxygen therapy at birth
  • Difficult or assisted labor (whether or not associated with fetal distress)
  • Maternal drug use, smoking, or alcohol use during pregnancy
  • A high refractive error
  • Known or suspected neurodevelopmental disorders
  • Systemic health conditions with the potential for ocular manifestations
  • Eye surgery or eye injury


  • High or progressive refractive error
  • Taking prescription or non-prescription drugs with ocular side effects
  • Having functional vision on only one eye
  • Eye surgery or eye injury
  • A personal or family history of ocular disease
  • Wearing contact lenses
  • Undertaking occupations that are visually demanding or present a high potential of being hazardous to the eyes
  • Certain racial and ethnic groups

Other reasons for getting an urgent eye examination might include:

  • Eye strain and/or blurred vision
  • Eye pain
  • Red eyes
  • An increase in floaters
  • Blind spots
  • Unexplained headaches
  • Any other eye-related issue

What Happens During a Routine Eye Exam Test?

Routine eye exam tests are nothing to be worried about. They are pain-free and usually take around 20-30 minutes. If you’re seeing a new eye doctor then the appointment will take a little longer to allow for a full medical history. During the first visit, you’ll be asked questions such as:

  • Have you any eye problems, past or present?
  • Do you wear glasses and/or contact lenses?
  • Have you ever had eye surgery?
  • Is there any family history of eye problems?
  • What is your medical history?
  • Do you take any regular medication?
  • Do you have any allergies?
  • Do you have, or is there any family history of, heart disease, hypertension (high blood pressure), or diabetes?

 You’ll also be asked about any current vision problems.

The doctor will then perform several different tests. These involve checking the internal structures of the eye and measuring your visual acuity to determine if you need corrective lenses or if your current ones need to be changed. 

Some of the different types of eye exam tests are:

Visual acuity test

This measures the sharpness of your vision. You’ll be asked to read a series of letters at a distance that decrease in size. This tests your far vision. Near vision is analyzed by reading a small, hand-held chart.

Cover test

This determines how your eyes work together. It’s measured by asking you to focus on an object and the doctor covers one eye and then the other.

Refraction assessment

This measures how waves of light are bent as they pass through the eye. Errors cause the light not to focus perfectly on the back of the eye and may require some form of correction. The assessment is carried out using either a computerized refractor or a retinoscopy. The latter is where a light is shone into your eye and the doctor measures how light is reflected through the pupil.

Glaucoma test

This measures the pressure within your eye and involves a puff of air being blown into your eyes. This is the most common method of screening for glaucoma and is known as Noncontact Tonometry as it doesn’t touch the eye. It’s painless but can be a little startling if you’ve not had it done before.

Another option is Applanation Tonometry. If this is carried out you’ll be given eye drops to numb the eye. The doctor will then use a small instrument to touch the cornea. 

You’ll also be tested for your ability to distinguish various colors, how your eye muscles work (ocular motility test), depth perception (stereopsis test), undergo a visual field test to determine your overall field of vision, a slit-lamp examination, and a retinal examination. The latter two might involve the use of eye drops to allow the doctor to fully assess the function and interior structures of the eyes.

How Does WEBEC Provide the Best Eye Exam Near Me?

The WBEC (West Boca Eye Center) is led by one of the country’s leading eye doctors—Brent Bellotte MD. Well-known for his cutting edge research in the fields of cataract and laser vision correction surgery, Bellotte determined that his academic-grade clinic should provide a one-stop-shop for patients who demand the very best care for their precious vision. 

From eye examinations to the most intricate of surgeries and treatments, the WBEC cares for every aspect of eye care. The expertise of the clinical team led by Dr. Bellotte is world-class and means that any aspect of visual health can be dealt with on-site 

When it comes to routine care of your vision, there is no better person in the US to carry out your regular eye exam. Boca Raton-based, the location is convenient for all South Florida residents. Such is the clinic’s reputation, many patients travel to avail themselves of such cutting edge eye care. Especially in the case of those with complex eye conditions, seeking out the best eye test near me shouldn’t necessarily be the deciding factor that determines your clinician. It’s far more beneficial to place your precious vision in the care of a globally renowned eye expert such as Brent Bellotte MD., something many people take advantage of even if it means they have to travel a little to see him.

What is an eye exam?

An eye exam is the way an optometrist or ophthalmologist tests your vision and eye health. Your eye doctor checks to see if you need glasses or contact lenses. The doctor also tests the health of your eyes to make sure that you do not have any other eye problems.

When should I have an eye exam?

Even if you do not wear glasses you should have an eye exam regularly. The American Optometric Association recommends that you have an eye exam according to the following schedule:

Ages 18 to 40 — every 2 to 3 years

Ages 41 to 60 — every 2 years

Age 61 or older — every year

If you wear contact lenses, you must have an exam at least once a year to renew your prescription. If you are at risk for certain eye problems such as glaucoma or if you have diabetes, you should see an eye doctor once a year. School-aged kids should also be tested once a year.

You should also see your eye doctor if you have:

  • blurry vision or eyestrain
  • eye pain
  • red eyes
  • blind spots
  • headaches
  • any other eye problem.

What are the benefits of an eye exam?

An eye exam will insure that you are seeing as clearly and comfortably as possible. Also, if your doctor finds signs of an eye disease, you can get treatment before the eye disease becomes a problem.

When should I call my eye doctor?

Call your eye doctor immediately if you have:

  • loss of vision
  • pain in or around your eyes
  • flashing lights or objects floating in your vision
  • red eyes with crusty eyelashes or yellow mucus in the corner of your eye.

How much is an eye exam?

While the actual cost of an eye exam varies according to the level of clinician, location, and complexity of any conditions, the national average is around $200 for an initial examination. Follow up routine eye exams cost an average of $128. (Figures are according to the non-profit organization, FAIR Health).

Anything extra than a routine eye test that’s deemed necessary by your eye specialist will warrant a further cost.  For those who have vision insurance, these costs may be covered by your policy.

Does Medicare cover eye exams?

In general, Original Medicare (Part A and B) doesn’t cover routine eye exams. However, for diabetics or those at high risk of glaucoma, Medicare Part B covers an annual eye test. It also covers the cost of some diagnostic tests and treatment for certain eye conditions. 

Medicare Advantage plans might offer coverage for routine eye tests and other vision-related costs.

How long does an eye exam last?

An eye exam measures your level of vision at the time you’re tested. With the exception of eye trauma, the sudden onset of disease, or fast-changing refractive error, the evolution of most eye conditions is relatively slow. 

Because of this, it’s recommended that adults aged 18-64 with no complex issues undergo routine eye exams every 2 years. Those aged 65 years and older should be tested annually.

Children should undergo eye exams as follows: 

  • Birth to 2 years: At 6 and 12 months of age
  • Age 3 to 5 years: Once during this time

Age 6 to 17 years: Before first grade and then annually

Where to get an eye exam near me?

While it’s common to enter “eye test near me” into a search engine, there are other considerations for selecting your service choice. While having a provider close by might be convenient, for anyone who falls into a higher risk category or requires treatment for conditions such as cataracts, glaucoma, high refractive error, or any other specialist area, seeking out the best clinician should take priority over the location.

How often should you get an eye exam?

In general, it’s recommended that everyone should undergo routine eye exams as follows:  

  • Birth to 2 years: At 6 and 12 months of age
  • Age 3 to 5 years: Once during this time
  • Age 6 to 17 years: Before first grade and then annually
  • Age 18 to 39 years: At least every 2 years
  • Age 40 to 64 years: At least every 2 years
  • Age 65 and older: Annually

This applies to those who don’t have any complex eye needs or suffer from health conditions that might have ocular repercussions (diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, etc.). In such cases, it will be necessary to have more frequent eye exam tests.

What happens at an eye exam?

A routine eye exam will start with a series of questions. The complexity of these will differ depending on whether this is an initial appointment with a new eye doctor or you’re a regular patient. Whichever it is, you’ll also be asked if you have any current or new symptoms or changes to your vision. 

After this, various tests will be carried out to determine the health of your eyes and, if you wear glasses or contact lenses, whether your prescription needs to be changed. All the tests are painless and normally take 20-30 minutes to complete.

What to expect at an eye exam

A routine eye exam is a short (20-30 minute) procedure that’s non-invasive and painless. It involves the clinician asking various questions about your eyes and general health, and a series of tests to determine the condition of your eyes and the sharpness of your vision.

How to pass an eye exam?

An eye exam is not a test—therefore, it’s not something you pass or fail. It’s an in-depth examination that determines how well your eyes function, as well as checking for any signs of disease, internal trauma, or evolving conditions.

For anyone who needs to undergo an eye test to carry out various activities (driving, joining the military, etc.) it’s normal for the use of corrective lenses (eyeglasses/contacts) to be taken into account as long as these bring your vision into acceptable parameters that allow you to safely undergo the required activities.